It is part of our personality that helps you determine between right and wrong. It makes one feel guilty when he does something wrong and good when something kind. It ensures conformity with the value system of the individual.

Conscience is the subjective norm of morality in which we trace the moral authority inside the individual. It is not something that directs from outside. Conscience is an ‘inner voice’ as described by Mahatma Gandhi which directs one by telling

what to do or what not to do. Conscience can be defined as the subjective awareness of the moral quality of one’s own actions as indicated by the moral values to which one subscribes.

Conscience describes two things – what a person believes is right and how a person decides what is right. More than just ‘gut instinct’, our conscience is a ‘moral muscle’.

By informing us of our values and principles, it becomes the standard we use to judge whether or not our actions are ethical.

Acts of Conscience
The feeling of remorse has always been connected with conscience. It is a deep regret for a wrong committed. Conscience not only makes judgement over certain actions that we have done as right or wrong, but it arouses a peculiar feeling of pain that is extremely unpleasant. This pain of conscience or feeling of remorse is identified by moralists as one of the reasons of avoiding wrong actions.

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It is a learned/acquired predisposition or state of mind to behave/react to a given object (living or non-living thing we encounter in our daily lives).

An attitude is a predisposition to experience, to be motivated by, and to act toward, a class of objects in a predictable manner (Smith, Bruner, & White,).

Attitudes are formed from our experiences or observation and serve to guide our future behaviour.

All attitudes positive or negative vary in intensity. For example one may very strongly likes a certain book but casually dislikes a certain type of music. Social psychologists examine attitude in terms of three components:

cognitive, affective and behavioral.

There is always an object of the attitude, the item towards which the attitude is directed.

To understand this, let us take example of the attitude of a person towards a child with special needs ‘Reema’ to understand the three components of attitude.

1) Cognitive: It refers to that part of attitude which is related in general know how of a person. This is the mental component. Example: Reema is happy, loving and full of positive energy.

2) Affective: This is the emotional component which affects another person Example: I feel good when I am around Reema. and this shows an emotional relationship

3) Behavioural: This is the action component; more specifically, it consists of I the predisposition to act in a certain way toward the object.

The behavioural component reflects the intentions of a person in short run or in long run. Example: I try to spend time with Reema whenever I get an opportunity.

Ethical Human Conduct

It can be defined as when person’s thoughts, feelings and actions are in harmony.