Topic and Question 12th March

Topic 2 : Devolution of Powers and Finances up to Local Levels and Challenges Therein.

Q.1 What do you understand by Devolution of powers? Trace the development of devolution of powers at local level in Indian polity.

Previous Years’ Question

Main 2013

Discuss the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission which have been a departure from the previous commissions for strengthening the local government finances.

Main 2015

In absence of well–educated and organised local level government system, ‘Panchayats’ and ‘Samitis’ have remained mainly political institutions and not effective instruments of governance. Critically discuss.


“The local self government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance”. Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situation.

Assess the importance of the Panchayat system in India as a part of local government. Apart from government grants, what sources the Panchayats can look out for financing development projects?

“The reservation of seats for women in the institution of local self-government has had a limited impact on the patriarchal character of the Indian political process”. Comment