PSIR DeepAnalysis

Ethics daily answer writing model answers 2nd June 2023

Ethics daily answer writing model answers 2nd June 2023


  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in – Human Actions; Dimensions of Ethics;

Question 1 : What do you understand by Moral conviction? Analyse the factors which determine the moral convictions of individuals.(Answer in 150 words)10



Approach: write a simple definition of Moral conviction. (Keeping your expression simple is one of the most effective way to impress the examiner) avoid writing complex and long sentences which reflects confuse state of mind. Simple and to the point.

Mention factors which play significant role in development of moral convictions.

You can conclude the answer by writing about how some negative moral convictions can cause great harms to the society, therefore it is very important that early age formation of moral convictions should be carefully inculcated in young minds.

Model hint: Moral conviction is a strong and absolute belief that something is right or wrong, moral and immoral. Moral convictions have a strong motivational component because they are beliefs that are closely connected to people’s sense of themselves as fundamentally decent, good and righteous people.

Factors which determine the moral convictions:

Socialization factors

Religious outlook

Personal experience

Good or bad conscience

(give some examples with simple explanation)

Some moral convictions may be result of a careful, deliberate and thoughtful appraisal and subsequent acceptance of a specific moral percept. For example a person after a careful assessment decides that it is immoral to eat meat. However people at times judge moral & immoral , right and wrong on the basis of deep inward feeling. For example terrorists commit heinous act without any sense of guilt as they firmly believe in their own moral convictions to achieve their desired goals even at the expense of taking lives of innocent people.

Question 2: Briefly outline the various sources of ethical standards  in Indian society.

(Answer in 150 words)10

Answer: Define ethics and how ethical standards are being framed in a society.

Mention various sources of ethical standards in Indian society.

Conclude with mentioning that how we need to accept new ethical standards as society and its members are evolving leading to development of new dimensions of ethics.

Model Hint: Ethics is based on rational and well founded standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness or specific virtues.

 Ethical standards refer to those standards that impose reasonable obligations to refrain from something which is unethical like stealing, lying, killing and rape. Ethical standards also include those that enjoin virtues of honesty, compassion and loyalty. Such standards are adequate standards of ethics because they are supported by consistent and well-founded reasons.

Sources of ethical standards in Indian society:

Ethos of Indian society derived from its cultural history, religion etc

Cross cultural interactions

Lessons from the lives of great leaders, reformers

(Relevant examples can be added along with these points.)