Ethics daily answer writing Model answer 5th June 2023
UPSC Ethics daily answer writing Practice 5th June 2023
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in – Human Actions; Dimensions of Ethics;
Question 1: Moral reflection is not a solitary pursuit but a public endeavour. Examine the statement with help of relevant examples.
(Answer in 150 words)10
Approach: write the meaning of moral reflection in simple words.
First explore the first half of the statement ; moral reflection as a solitary pursuit.
Then explore moral reflection as a public endeavor.
In conclusion, try to write the balance view on it.
Moral reflection refers to the extent to which people inspect and evaluate their thoughts and behaviors in relation to morality.
Moral reflection as a solitary pursuit:
When we just believe in our own moral convictions and try to justify our actions through self introspection.
A poacher may justify his action of killing endangered species for sake of his own livelihood by disregarding the environmental ethics.
Moral reflection as a public endeavor:
Moral reflection should be achieved through an interlocutor who could be part of friend circle, community or society and nation.
In this aspect an individual assess the moral quality of his actions through the parameters set in social morality, constitutional morality etc.
Thus moral reflection should be an individual pursuit for moral excellence; however core ideas should be aligned with social spectrum.
Question 2: Normative ethics provides guidance for individuals moral constitution, whereas Applied ethics analyses action taken based such moral constitution. Discuss.
(Answer in 150 words)10
Approach: First write the definitions of Normative and applied ethics.
The main demand of the question: explore the inter relationship of normative ethics and applied ethics with help of examples.
Normative ethics, which is a branch of philosophy that develops moral theories – such as the ethics of care or deontology – about how people should behave. People develop their moral constitutions based on such ethical directions that how they ought to act in addressing moral or ethical questions.
Applied ethics is the application of ethics to real-world problems. Practical ethics attempts to answer the question of how people should act in specific situations.
Is it morally permissible for a doctor to engage in mercy killing when a terminal cancer patient begs to be put out of her misery?
If an individual’s moral constitution is based on normative ethics which believe in intrinsic worth of a human life, it might direct him or her to take an action accordingly.
However there will be always situations of ethical dilemmas, which can be resolved through various mechanisms.